Genus : Grus
Species : antigone
Order/Family : Gruiformes/ Gruidae
IUCN: VU (Vulneration)
the Sarus Crane, Grus antigone is a large non-migratory crane that is found in parts of the Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia and Australia. they are standing at a height of up to 1.8 m the tallest flying birds. it has been widely distributed on the plains of India along the Gangetic plains and extending south until the Godavari River in the past. The range in Southeast Asia includes Lao PDR, Thailand, Burma and further east into the Philippines. In Australia they are found only in the northern parts
Adultsí birds are very large with grey wings and body. In flight, the long neck is held straight, unlike a heron that folds it back, and the black wing tips can be seen; their long red or pink legs trail behind them. They have a grey ear covert patch, a reddish iris and a greenish grey bill. Juveniles have a pinkish base to the bill and the head is fully feathered and grey. The bare head and neck has red skin that is brighter during the breeding season. The skin is rough and covered by papillae and a narrow area around behind the head is covered by black bristly feathers. The sexes do not differ in color although males are larger on average than females. Cranes live span is up to 42 years.
Sarus crane is classified as Vulnerable. This means that the global population has declined by about a third since 1980, and is expected to continue to do so until the late 2010s. Threats constitute habitat destruction and/or degradation, hunting and collecting, as well as environmental pollution and possibly diseases or competing species.